Trinity consensus

Our Trinity algorithm combines PoA, PoW and PoS. This hybrid approach to consensus provides a high degree of network decentralization, while significantly increasing both network security and transaction execution speed. Network security is further enhanced by our integrated innovative cryptographic solutions.
These consensus mechanisms work simultaneously: Problem Solvers (PoW nodes) create the backbone of the blockchain structure. Publishers (PoA nodes) complete and publish microblocks. Holders (PoS nodes) maintain system efficiency. Through cryptography, nodes may become interchangeable.

Block-DAG structure

Each branch grows according to Nakamoto (BFT) consensus.
Maximum number of allowed branches depends on network hashrate.
Branches are cross-linked in a way which allows to arrange macroblocks in chronological order.

Network performance and topology

  • 18 000 tps (test results);
  • Latency 5 - 30 seconds;
  • Thousands PoW and PoS nodes;
  • Millions of PoA nodes;
  • Flexible smart contract architecture;
  • Dynamic reward system for miners;
  • Chord algorithm;
  • Routing;
  • Sharding.
Nodes (Pos/Pow + PoA) Throughput/Latency Proof
Nodes (Pos/Pow + PoA)100 + 3000 Throughput/Latency9000 tps/ 5 ProofTest net
Nodes (Pos/Pow + PoA)2 000 + 25 000 Throughput/Latency12000 tps/ 9 s Proof9 s Simulation
Nodes (Pos/Pow + PoA)5 000 + 15 000 000 Throughput/Latency18000 tps/ 25 s Proof25 s Analytics

Infrastructure and ecosystem

  • PoS nodes (servers);
  • PoW nodes (computers);
  • PoA nodes (mobile devices);
  • dApps (games, payments, dex and others);
  • Exchanges;
  • Users (mobile, PC).